“And then there’s quantum, of course.” The monk sighed. “There’s always bloody quantum.” — Night Watch, Terry Pratchett
Starting this Thursday, I will be giving 3 guest introductory lectures on the non-equilibrium statistical dynamics of small systems, as part of Phill Geissler’s Advanced Statistical Mechanics course.
== The fluctuations of dissipation ==
2:00-3:30 Thursday, March 12th, 425 Latimer
Equilibrium and disequilibrium; fluctuations theorems and the Jarzynski’s identity; experiments and observations.
== Entropy and information ==
2:00-3:30 Tuesday, March 17th, 425 Latimer
Maxwell’s demon, Szilard’s engine, Landauer’s principle, and the feedback fluctuation theorems.
== Perturbation and response ==
2:00-3:30 Thursday, March 19th, 425 Latimer
Perturbations and response; fluctuations and dissipation; from fluctuation theorems to linear response; the geometry of thermodynamics.
Enrollment is now open for the second year of the Kavli Scientist-Writer workshops @ NYU. I had the honor of attending the inaugural class, and it was great. As my fellow alumni puts it:
“The best course I’ve had since college… Scientists sorely need instruction of this kind, whether they try to write for the public or only for their peers. Every department at every institution should have this kind of course, and the organizers of this first pass did a fantastic job.”
– Jacqueline Gotteib, Kavli Institute of Brain Science, Columbia University
Our job, as scientists, is to explore strange new ideas, to seek out new knowledge and new understanding, to boldly experiment where no scientist has tinkered before. But none of that counts, if we don’t come back and tell people what we have discovered. And it dosn’t count as telling people if we write turgid incomprehensible prose that nobody will read or understand.
A brief overview of information measures on classical, discrete probability distributions. [ Full Text ]
Srividya Iyer-Biswas, Charles S. Wright, Jonathan T. Henry, Klevin Lo, Stanislav Burov, Yihan Lin, Gavin E. Crooks, Sean Crosson, Aaron R. Dinner, Norbert F. Scherer, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2014)
This is the experimental paper that logically (but, alas, not chronologically) precedes the companion theory paper.
Abstract: Uncovering the quantitative laws that govern the growth and division of single cells remains a major challenge. Using a unique combination of technologies that yields unprecedented statistical precision, we find that the sizes of individual Caulobacter crescentus cells increase exponentially in time. We also establish that they divide upon reaching a critical multiple (≈1.8) of their initial sizes, rather than an absolute size. We show that when the temperature is varied, the growth and division timescales scale proportionally with each other over the physiological temperature range. Strikingly, the cell-size and division-time distributions can both be rescaled by their mean values such that the condition-specific distributions collapse to universal curves. We account for these observations with a minimal stochastic model that is based on an autocatalytic cycle. It predicts the scalings, as well as specific functional forms for the universal curves. Our experimental and theoretical analysis reveals a simple physical principle governing these complex biological processes: a single temperature-dependent scale of cellular time governs the stochastic dynamics of growth and division in balanced growth conditions.
Abstract: Recent imaging data for single bacterial cells reveal that their mean sizes grow exponentially in time and that their size distributions collapse to a single curve when rescaled by their means. An analogous result holds for the division-time distributions. A model is needed to delineate the minimal requirements for these scaling behaviors. We formulate a microscopic theory of stochastic exponential growth as a Master Equation that accounts for these observations, in contrast to existing quantitative models of stochastic exponential growth (e.g., the Black-Scholes equation or geometric Brownian motion). Our model, the stochastic Hinshelwood cycle (SHC), is an autocatalytic reaction cycle in which each molecular species catalyzes the production of the next. Continue reading
I am proud to announce that Simon Fraser University has hired David Sivak (Former Crooks’ Ensemble Postdoctoral Fellow) to the position of Assistant Professor in the Department of Physics. Hearty congratulations to Simon Fraser on their good fortune and impeccable taste.
3.4 (2014-06-03) [Gavin Crooks, Eric Talevich]
* Python 3
Weblogo now runs under python 2.6, 2.7, 3.2, 3.3 & 3.4 (Python2.5 is no longer
supported.) Note that the api for creating a logo has changed. See docs.
(Kudos: Eric Talevic)
* Fix bug with using Ghostscipt 9.10 (Issue 36)
(Kudos: Michael Imbeault, Estienne Swart, FiReaNG3L)
* Fix various bugs in transfac parsing.
(Kudos: Promita Bose, Christopher Lamantia)
* Fix –complement of gapped sequences, added –revcomp option
(Kudos: Jacob Engelbrecht))
* Miscellaneous minor bug fixes and refactoring.
(Kudos: Kamil Slowikowski, Jacob Engelbrecht)
Abstract: While the numerical integration of deterministic equations of motion for molecular systems now has a well-developed set of algorithms with commonly agreed-upon desirable properties, the simulation of stochastic equations of motion lacks algorithms with a similar degree of universal acceptance. Part of the difficulty is in determining which of many properties should be satisfied by such a discrete time integration scheme, with additional difficulties in satisfying many properties simultaneously with a single scheme. The desire to use these integration schemes for nonequilibrium simulations and in conjunction with recent nonequilibrium fluctuation theorems adds additional complications. Here, we compare a number of discrete time integration schemes for Langevin dynamics, Continue reading
(Inaugural meeting: Feb 21, 2014, 3.30pm, and every 2 weeks thereafter)
Location: Redwood Center Seminar Room, 560 Evans Hall, UC Berkeley
For email notices signup to the LINEQ mailing list..
Version: 0.5 BETA
In a desperate attempt to preserve my own sanity, a survey of probability distributions used to describe a single, continuous, unimodal, univariate random variable.
Whats New: Added uniform product, half generalized Pearson VII, half exponential power distributions, GUD and q-Type distributions; Moved Pearson IV to own section; Fixed errors in Inverse Gaussian; Added random variate generation appendix. Fixed typos. Thanks to David Sivak, Dieter Grientschnig, Srividya Iyer-Biswas and Shervin Fatehi.
[ Full Text ]
Abstract: Common algorithms for computationally simulating Langevin dynamics must discretize the stochastic differential equations of motion. These resulting finite-time-step integrators necessarily have several practical issues in common: Microscopic reversibility is violated, the sampled stationary distribution differs from the desired equilibrium distribution, and the work accumulated in nonequilibrium simulations is not directly usable in estimators based on nonequilibrium work theorems. Here, we show that, even with a time-independent Hamiltonian, finite-time-step Langevin integrators can be thought of as a driven, nonequilibrium physical process. Once an appropriate worklike quantity is defined – here called the shadow work – Continue reading
In science, as in life, it is extremely dangerous to fall in love with beautiful models.
Via Vijay Pande